Board of Directors
Dr. Fred P. Buckingham, P.E.
Dr. Buckingham has over thirty five years experience as an engineer; his assignments have included Design Engineer, Project Manager, Vice President and Director of corporations engaged in development, design and deployment of high technology equipment and systems. Dr. Buckingham was Chairman of the Board of Directors for Clean Fuels Technology, Inc. and a Director for Electric Power Technologies, Inc. Dr. Buckingham has extensive experience developing and deploying hybrid liquid fuel technology including liquid slurries and emulsions. Dr. Buckingham has authored numerous technical publications on preparation and combustion of liquid fuels. Dr. Buckingham has extensive experience evaluating energy systems for power production and industrial processes. Dr. Buckingham joined MPR Associates, Inc. in 2001 and is currently a consulting engineer. Dr. Buckingham received his undergraduate degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas at Austin in 1975. He received a Master of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering in 1980 and earned a Ph.D. in 1993 from the University of Texas at Arlington. Dr. Buckingham is a Registered Professional Engineer in the State of Texas.
Mr. John W. Carter
Mr. Carter has remained active in finance and asset management following his run for the US Senate in 2006. Mr. Carter holds a degree in Physics from the Georgia Institute of Technology and a Law Degree from the University of Georgia School of Law. Mr. Carter has over 30 years of experience in business and finance. After leaving law school, Mr. Carter contributed to the successful US presidential campaign of his father, Jimmy Carter. He then started his own grain elevator business where he became fascinated by the art of hedging – the use of futures markets to protect profit margins. This interest led him to the Chicago Board of Trade and then to currency trading at Citibank. He continued his career in finance by forming the financial consultancy firm Carter Global. Mr. Carter remains involved in humanitarian organizations including The Carter Center (http://www.cartercenter.org).
Mr. George P. Rudman
Mr. Rudman has over 18 years of experience in international finance, business and asset management. Since 2006 he has been responsible for developing and implementing business growth plans for an international asset management firm. He also serves as a Director for various international companies. Mr. Rudman has held investment management positions at UBS and several other large firms where he has conducted due diligence on private equity and various other types of alternative investments. Mr. Rudman holds an MA in International Economics and International Relations from Johns Hopkins University – Nitze School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, DC and an AB in Political Science from the University of Chicago.
Dr. Fred P. Buckingham, P.E., President and Chief Executive Officer
Mr. Jack Waldron, Vice President of Engineering
Mr. Waldron has nearly 30 years of experience primarily in the Minerals and Mining sector. He has been working with emulsified fuels since 2001 in a variety of capacities that included engineering studies, which led to the invention of several emulsified fuel manufacturing procedures and several patents.
Mr. Waldron was responsible for the design, fabrication, research, and development of APT's entire line of blending units. He has participated in demonstrations for each of APT’s emulsified fuel product lines in a variety of applications and locations around the world. Mr. Waldron was also intimately involved in the legal procedures which helped secure APT’s international patent portfolio.
Prior to working with emulsified fuels, Mr. Waldron held senior metallurgical engineering positions with international companies such as Barrick Goldstrike, Newmount Mining Company and Echo Bay Mining Company where he focused on plant design, optimization of operations and economic analyses. Early in his career, he was an officer in the US Navy involved with nuclear propulsion.
Mr. Waldron received his advanced degree from New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.
Dr. Richard Ellis, Regulatory Affairs & Research
Dr. Ellis has nearly 40 years of industrial experience in primarily the Pulp and Paper sector. Dr. Ellis has been working with emulsified fuels since 2000, in a variety of capacities that included the invention of various new products for the transportation and industrial fuel markets, and expanding this core technology into new areas and applications.
Since the early seventies, Dr. Ellis has held senior management positions relating to environment and research matters with Mactec Engineering and Consulting, Inc., St. Laurent Paperboard, Inland Paperboard and Packaging Inc. and Union Camp. Dr. Ellis was responsible for a broad range of technology and environmental issues that included navigating his companies through the evolution of the Environmental Protection Agency environmental policies for Pulp and Paper Sector and issues with Greenfield and major rebuilds of multi-billion dollar plants. Dr. Ellis’ expertise in the Pulp and Paper sector have enabled APT to incorporate cost-effective components into its technology and facilitated the smooth navigation of complicated regulatory landscapes around the world.
He has published over a dozen papers, co-authored several books and supervised development efforts that led to hundreds of patents. Dr. Ellis received his doctorate in Physical Chemistry from University of Cincinnati.
Dr. Alexander Psaila, Product & Business Development
Dr. Psaila has 30 years of industrial experience in primarily the Fuel Additives sector. He has been working with emulsified fuels since 1998 in technical and business development roles that included the invention of a variety of new products for the transportation and industrial fuel markets.
Dr. Psaila has held senior technical and business development managerial positions related to new product development with Lubrizol Corporation, BP Chemicals and ILFORD Limited. Prior to joining APT, he formed his own consultancy company, XP Consultancy Ltd. Dr. Psaila was responsible for research and development of specialty oil products that included lubricants, fuel additives, oil-field chemicals, drilling muds and advanced fluids for BP Chemicals. His expertise of the underlying chemistry of various Fuel Additives enables APT to continually advance the effectiveness of additives in its emulsions and ensures that its chemical partners are suitably qualified.
Dr. Psaila has published numerous papers and invented and co-invented nearly 50 patent and patent applications. He obtained his Ph.D in Organoplatinum Chemistry from the University of Exeter.
Dr. Thomas Houlihan, Mechanical Engineering and Combustion
Dr. Houlihan has over 30 years of industrial experience in environmental sciences and maritime technologies. Dr. Houlihan has been working with emulsified fuels since 1997 in a variety of capacities that include demonstrations all over the world for industrial and electrical power plants.
He was introduced to the APT Technology while working as an Executive Fellow for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers with the United States White House Science Office where he was focused on alternative energy policy issues. Previously, he spent nearly 20 years working in the US Navy Phased Maintenance Program managing major ship alteration and repair activities involving heavy-duty diesel engines, combustion turbines and propulsion boilers. During this time, he led industry efforts to introduce Computer Aided Design (CAD) technology into ship design programs. Dr. Houlihan began his career at the Naval Post Graduate School where he served as a tenured associate professor and taught a full-spectrum of mechanical engineering courses. His practical and academic expertise in combustion principles enable APT to optimize its fuel emulsions for the targeted balance between power, emissions and cost as well as to ensure that its engineering partners are suitably qualified for manufacturing blending units.
Dr. Houlihan has delivered over 50 presentations globally and authored or co-authored dozens of publications. Dr. Houlihan received his doctorate in Mechanical Engineering from Syracuse University.
Mr. Satish Makhija, Refinery and Indian Expertise
Mr. Makhija has over 30 years of industrial experience in petroleum refining and transportation R&D. He has been working with emulsified fuels since 2008, with the principle task of establishing the emulsified fuel business in India.
Mr. Makhija was introduced to the APT Technology shortly after retiring from the Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (India’s largest petroleum marketing and refining company) Research and Development Center as its Executive Director-Incharge. While at Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., he spent over 20 years working with the development of Instrumented Pigs for inspection of buried cross-country pipelines and crude oil rheology, process and catalyst development for various refining operations such as FCC, reforming, isomerization, etc. Mr. Makhija also lead efforts related to applied metallurgy, engineering projects and services, analytical instruments division/MIS, safety, Hindi implementation and quality/environment management system. He was also responsible for initiating and successfully conducting collaborative research with many leading Indian and international organizations.
Mr. Makhija began his career with Shriram Fertilizers, where he worked on operations of ammonia, urea and sulfuric acid production facilities, evaluation of manufacturing process and technologies, and techno-economic evaluations. His practical expertise in the Indian Oil sector enables APT to customize its technology portfolio for the Indian market.
Mr. Makhija co-authored dozens of publications and is listed as the inventor on 28 patents. He went on to get his Master's degrees in Chemical and Metallurgical engineering from Ohio University and the University of Missouri.
APT also engages a number of leading scientists and consultants from around the world on an exclusive part-time basis for its technology. Several scientists are leading researchers working at Universities with whom APT conducts various research projects while others are leading consultants with entities such as engineering firms.